Written by Colonel K. Grachev; Originally appeared at Foreign Military Review 2020 #1, translated by AlexD exclusively for SouthFront
Currently, the key element of military geo-information technologies is modern hardware and software that ensure the performance of tasks by the armed forces of any country. Thus, the operated geographic information systems (GIS), on the basis of which their software is built, must have high performance and reliability.
However, GIS widely used in the armed forces of the leading states, do not fully have the characteristics that meet modern requirements for the volume of data processed, reliability and versatility.
Their significant disadvantage is that they work exclusively with their own databases, which have a closed format, and manage all the geo-spacial objects contained in them and the relationships between them according to their own rules.
A distinctive feature of modern warfare is the need for intensive and large-scale processing of large volumes of materials coming from many different sources, such as devices for determining the location of equipment and units (up to individual fighters), air, ground and space radar systems, photo and video shooting, meteorological forecasting systems, etc.
Armed forces that can operate in any environment and in various regions of the world, including as part of interspecies and multinational groups, must be able to exchange data received from military GIS with each other, which imposes serious requirements on architecture and software, and also involves solving a number of problems in the information technology delivery, processing and visualisation.
The Belgian company Luciad, specialising in the development of software for visualisation and analysis of geo-spacial data, has created a geoinformation toolkit (GIT). Its application contributes to the rapid and high-quality construction of integrated solutions for a wide range of tasks, including military ones, based on client, server, cloud, Internet and mobile technologies. A distinctive feature of systems developed on the basis of GIT is the presence of “data connectors” that provide direct support for a wide range of information in the original presentation formats: satellite images, two-dimensional and three-dimensional raster and vector maps, radar, infrared and laser data, and streaming video.
The geo-information toolkit consists of several modules, each of which is designed to perform different tasks in the development of GIS:
- Luciad Fusion – data management and building GIS server parts;
- Luciad Light Speed – working with geo-spacial information and overlaying video data on it;
- Luciad RIA – development of independent web applications;
- Luciad Mobile – creating applications for Android mobile operating systems.
Luciad Fusion is a key module that provides users with access to geo-spacial information both locally and remotely. Its features are automated cataloging, quick and easy data publication, which allows one to get ready-made maps in a few steps. It centrally manages the distribution of information, optimizing access to it, and automatically selects the most appropriate settings for synthesising the highest quality image within the specified time frame.
The developer company claims that measuring the performance of server applications built on the basis of this module shows five times faster access to information compared to solutions from such well-known companies as Google, ESRI and Integraf.
Luciad Fusion has a built-in data replication mechanism that allows servers at all levels to synchronise with each other throughout the management chain – from the strategic level headquarters to the lowest levels.
The Luciad Light Speed module allows displaying geo-spacial information (GSI) overlaying video streams if necessary, and has a large set of tools for developing advanced geo-information analytical systems. Thanks to new data storage technologies, it is positioned as the fastest application in the world, capable of managing a large number of point objects (up to 10 million static points) and dynamic information (up to 500 thousand moving objects with a refresh rate of up to 60 Hz). Its modularity, open architecture, and strict compliance with industry standards reflect the focus on enterprise GIS.
Due to the possibility of full use of the power of graphics cards, it also allows one to visualise and combine any geo-data, including the display of streaming video on them.
This module is effective in developing various automated military systems including those used in multinational operations, such as:
- combat control systems;
- tactical control systems for troops and special operations forces;
- logistics management systems;
- strategic systems of control and management of troops, as well as border protection;
- planning and modeling systems;
- control systems for unmanned vehicles.
It can work as a separate application and as an integrated part of Luciad Fusion, in which data processing is performed on the server side.
The module allows one to use third-party web technologies, such as Google, Web Toolkit and Sharepoint. It can easily integrate into network and cloud environments, its advantages over other GIS portals are:
- full display and editing of all military symbols and tactical signs;
- support for thousands of mobile and millions of point groups;
- displaying the map at any given time using the moving slider on the time scale;
- built-in two- and three-dimensional visualisation models.
The Luciad Mobile module is designed for developing mobile applications. Its main task is to ensure the activity of mobile users operating in difficult field conditions. It allows one to provide access, update, and transmit intelligence and other information to interoperable systems, even in unstable communications. If the connection fails, the app switches to the information stored on the device until the connection is restored. At the same time, users interact with devices by means of gestures, such as “pinching” the screen, tapping, long pressing, and moving.
Solutions developed based on this set of tools provide the following features:
- full-fledged work on mobile devices with the Android operating system installed, and all the necessary actions are performed directly on them (photographing, geo-referencing, creating annotations, transmitting data to the server);
- optimise power consumption and memory usage;
- work in conditions of unstable communication with the server.
Currently, geographic information solutions based on Luciad components are widely and successfully working in such European and North American organisations as: Eurocontrol and Belgocontrol, Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Saab, NLR DGAC, DFS, LVNL, NATS, SAIC, Thales, EADS, Skyguide, NavCanada and ENAV.
They have also found their application in the development of the automated control system for the NATO Joint Air Force and air defence in Europe ACCS, as well as in the creation of geographic information tools iGeoSIT and BRITE.
Thus, the transition to new geoinformation technologies, such as those developed by Luciad, makes it possible to create military geoinformation systems with enhanced capabilities and reduced decision-making time.