On January 8, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan launched the offshore pipeline TurkStream, that will deliver gas from Russia to Turkey and further to southern European states. The 930 km pipeline running across the bottom of the Black Sea became operational was launched by the two leaders during a special opening ceremony.
The pipeline capacity is 31.5 billion cubic meters. The two-string pipeline both supply Turkey with natural gaz and transfer it to southern and southeastern Europe. The TurkStream natural gas pipeline was created as an alternative to the South Stream pipeline because in 2014 Bulgaria ditched the project thanks to the US pressure.
The ceremony took place after the face-to-face meeting between the Turkish and Russian presidents during which they discussed a variety of topics including the US-Iran conflict, the situation in Libya and in Syria.