Iran’s SCO Admission As Realization Of A Greater Eurasian Concept

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Iran's SCO Admission As Realization Of A Greater Eurasian Concept

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It might take a few years for Iran to visibly benefit from its new status, but one geopolitical consequence will be Arab Gulf getting closer to China.

Written by Uriel Araujo, researcher with a focus on international and ethnic conflicts.

On September 17 at the Shanghai Cooperation Organization’s (SCO) summit in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran was admitted into the organization as a permanent member – it was previously an observer there. It might take a while to fully complete the process, though – procedures and timeline are still unclear. So, what does it mean for Iran, and for the world?

The SCO, also known as the Shanghai Pact, is an Eurasian economic, political, and security alliance, comprising China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and also India as well as Pakistan – and now Iran. Turkey has been a dialogue partner since 2012, as well as a number of other states.

The SCO is the successor to the Shanghai Five, which was a mutual security agreement, formed in 1996, with a focus back then on solving territorial disputes that arose after the fall of the Soviet Union. In 2001, the leaders of these five nations plus Uzbekistan met in Shanghai and announced the new organization, aiming at deeper Eurasian economic and political cooperation – the SCO’s Charter was signed in 2002, entering into force in 2003. India and Pakistan joined in 2017.

Iran's SCO Admission As Realization Of A Greater Eurasian Concept

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It has a strong focus on security cooperation regarding the so-called “three evils” of terrorism, separatism, and extremism. SCO members also cooperate on security issues pertaining to drug trafficking and crime. Joint military exercises are regularly conducted.

Iran had been interested in joining the SCO since at least 2000, having applied first in 2005, to no avail. At the time, Beijing particularly was unsure due to the intense international pressure on Tehran’s nuclear program. Since then, Iran’s relations with both China and Russia have evolved. Beijing and Tehran signed a long-term economic cooperation deal in March – within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative. This in itself was a kind of blow to Washington’s efforts to isolate the Islamic Republic. As for Russia, it aligns with Iran on a number of issues such as supporting the Syrian government in its struggle against rebels. Moreover, both Beijing and Moscow are part of the Iran nuclear deal.

So, this new development happens at an interesting timing, with the US troops out of Afghanistan. Most of the countries bordering this country are (full or observing) members of the SCO, and such the organization can thus help coordinate efforts towards stabilizing Afghanistan.

As for the more concrete and immediate implications, what does Iran gain from the SCO? Well, it might take a few years before it can benefit from its new status. Its international trade in fact cannot be boosted without the lifting of sanctions or without a nuclear agreement.

For one thing, full membership, though, gives Tehran a kind of international acceptance that is badly needed. Moscow and Beijing lead the organization, which may provide Iran, as a SCO member, with greater support in its diplomatic struggle with the US.

New developments regarding the SCO must be seen in the light of greater Chinese-Russian projects and aspirations, such as Vladimir Putin’s Greater Eurasian Partnership Concept. On June, for example, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov emphasized the possibility of linking the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) with China’s Belt and Road initiative, thus forming a new “geostrategic blueprint” for peace, and stability on the Eurasian continent, “from Lisbon to Jakarta” – according to Lavrov, such would be open to members of the SCO, the EAEU, ASEAN, and, in the future, even the European Union.

Such is a monumental long-term geopolitical task, of course, especially with regards to cooperation with the EU – which clearly does not seem to be a concrete possibility in the foreseeable future, although some see Nord Stream as a potential start. The ASEAN is another challenge, due to the strong QUAD presence and influence, even pertaining to the new geopolitical construct of the “Indo-Pacific”. In today’s war of concepts, views and models are proposed and constructed through diplomatic talk and documents and these new concepts can also change and shape reality. Regarding Eurasia, what matters the most, for the moment, is a shared Eurasian view that is precisely being proposed and constructed.

Iran's SCO Admission As Realization Of A Greater Eurasian Concept

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And, with the world’s fourth-largest oil reserves and second-largest natural gas reserves, Iran has an important role within this model. With its new port at Chabahar, as well as rail links going all the way into Central Asia, Iran could in fact become a hub for the International North–South Transit Corridor (INSTC). Moreover, its strategic location (at the heart of the Eurasian southern rim) could provide a key link for a contiguous European-Chinese rail link. Besides all the obvious potential gains for all parties, all such possibilities carry their own complications and the potential to affect Chinese-Russian strategic balance, for a number of reasons.

Iran’s full acceptance into the SCO also brings its own challenges, from a Chinese perspective: after announcing that Iran would join, Chinese President Xi Jinping also announced Egypt, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia should become dialogue partners. This signals that Beijing is concerned about balancing its relations with Iran, on the one hand, and with the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, on the other hand. In fact, one could argue China’s interests and relations with the latter go even deeper. Admitting these three countries however will also bring further challenges to all parties, for each one of them has its own security relations with the US, and one can assume such relations will be tested by participating in a Moscow/Beijing-led security-focused organization.

However, conflicting agendas apart, all of these countries, including Iran, share an immediate and long-term concern over Afghanistan and Central Asian stability – and the SCO provides just the perfect forum for coordinating policies. So, in the complex geopolitical scheme of things, the US departure from Afghanistan might result with Arab Gulf getting closer to China.

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Sylvain

De Brest à Jayapura

Corrupt shithole of Ukropisstan

CIA-t-rolls and hasbara-ts will cry and rage 🤗

block

Excellent news that we have known for some time. Iranian involvement in the SCO will certainly strengthen the organizations resolve in combating terrorism, drug and human trafficking.

Idiot perverts from rome look on in wonder. Where did we fk up? When you existence began.

Last edited 19 days ago by block
Ahson

Well the BRI is stalled for now and this SCO is just for optics more than anything else. It’s not a NATO.

farbat

in what western country were you living in again?

Ahson

I am in Hong Kong now. Make home with chinku and guppu moghal type people here……I’m sad now.

Last edited 18 days ago by Ahson
farbat

right now i cant do any swift transaction of course we have this iranian swift replacement its much better because it works instantly and its extremely secure but still if i wanted to sell something or buy something from china i cant i cant do the same with russia nor pakistan so sco is very important for us people here in iran but yes for the government they could probably do without it but to what merit it would be the same as rouhani all over again so what to say iran obviously isnt western centric and the “diaspora” of iranians being so much spread in the west makes them think extremely western centric but people like you have to change yourselves because a different kind of reality is coming to the west a sudden decline or continued steep declied it doesnt matter its still a decline you arent used to and certainly not prepared for but again iranian “diaspora” is spread everywhere in the west so we can fix what they destroyed

Last edited 19 days ago by farbat
farbat

btw without iran it was not powerful yes it was basically what you have seen over the years but iran is a different sort of civilization than china so iran coming into this will give this entity a complete different meaning and empowerement than it ever had basically the absurd untapped amount of innovative capability in iran opened up to china which is basically the workhorse to unleash all of this let me tell you the idea of recreating limbs and whole parts of the body aswell as all kind of absurdly today unbelievable technologies are going to be created this way they basically are already in the works for it all already

farbat

the post modern concepts of technology are way more serious than the idiocy of an elon bluff the things china iran and the sco will do is for example teleporting particle to mars to create an atmosphere together with greenhouse drones there and yes this might sound absurd but yes that will happen no nuking no idiocy this will all not be allowed to happen anyway even moon can somewhat be colonized in future atleast by our technology because humans can create a better earth by not going against nature but depending for their needs on the stars which deliver is astroids big like mountains full of gold for example or water or any other things we mistreat this planet for

Last edited 19 days ago by farbat
Séamus

You’re absolutely correct, it’s not a NATO, it’s not the laughing stock of the world…..running crying from Afghanisan. The BRI is moving along at good speed, hence the Western panic to foolishly attempt to contain China. The SCO, if only for optics, contains the two most powerful countries in the world.

Ahson

Could you enlighten me as to which BRI project completed thus far has generated income, let alone a profit? Could you?

farbat

first of all iran becoming sco member means the sco has now the best quantum and nano technology on earth
second the issue of jcpoa is basically already settled the usa is not doing anything its just talking and iran will only accept actions before it will return to any negotiations so the sco can not expect iran not to militarize the technologies it has over the long term the world cant be kept ignorant about it all some of those technologies will trickle down to the civilian technologies
third the sco is no military alliance its no real economic alliance even its just a forum for common understanding more than anything basically an asian replacement for the united nations so i dont understand why the nato countries are so obsessed about seeing this as some kind of competition because nato is nothing and certainly its not even competition to iran alone
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-nVSxp6JAr4

Last edited 19 days ago by farbat
farbat

no iran didnt join sco because of some eurasian concept this nonsense is russian delusion the world doesnt work this way some in iran might give russia the pleasure and use this word the same in china but we know its global the whole time and that the centers of global governance are repositioning themselves eastwards with iran joining the sco the main centers of governance for asia are in the sco and atleast 2 global governance entities are in the sco now aswell and i say atleast 2 because russia is still not there not even slightly even thou i can say that alot of good things were done alot of bad continue to happen

Last edited 19 days ago by farbat
farbat

the world is a merit based system power is politics power is diplomacy and power is not defined as a static but ever moving and developing thing

Ahson

Bro, the khyanat kar, bad niyat be farhang and corrupt Al-bakistani dalit have managed to alienate China on CPEC…..Kheli fukk up kardi. Whole project is fucked due to US pressure on Al-bakistan. They wanna dump cpec otherwise the US will starve them. And iran already told the moder ghehve Al-bakistani they not come to Iran for sadaghe……even if Al-bakistani wanna lick the khaye of Iran, we refuse to give them money or gas, because harumzade can’t pay for it and we are not a charity!

Last edited 18 days ago by Ahson
Robert

I like that farbat, wold is merit and it will be powers by deep science, like AI, quantum computing and plasma fusion energy. use that to judge where power will be stupid muslims, your daughters are not even getting educated yet they make goon researchers, myou think primitive Taliban madrassa will manage?, idiotic muslims

farbat

hahaha sure meanwhile iranian women are better educated than your women who have to sell their bodies to get a mediocre education XD

farbat

all the examples you used are mostly iranian and therefore islamic based technology artificial intelligence is based of fuzzy logic an iranian invention quantum computing therefore is also islamic because not just were we almost 1 millenia before you figuring quantum field theory out but we also have it figured out today much better than you so quantum is something you are just aware about for a century and when it comes to plasma technology lets say iran used plasma already in the medieval ages the scriptures how to create it are kept i believe by the wallace colletion in england so you again claim something as yours which you are basically just copying us

Last edited 17 days ago by farbat
farbat

nano technology of our universities is on the level of your top industries so much to the issue of nano you are basically a bunch of fakers and imposters you think that being able to take pieces of a puzzle and working it out to your favor for a while will make you big but you didnt figure out anything and you are still small as all your actions to this days were actions of small men

Last edited 17 days ago by farbat