On November 16th, Russia officially allowed the establishing of a naval logistics center in Sudan.
This was pursuant to an official order by Russian President Vladimir Putin.
“Accept the proposal of the government of the Russian Federation to sign an agreement between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Sudan on the creation of a logistics center for the Russian Navy on the territory of the Republic of Sudan,” the document, which was published on November 16th on the official portal of legal information, read.
“To instruct the Russian Ministry of Defense to sign this agreement on behalf of the Russian Federation,” the order said.
Russia and Sudan had previously discussed the draft document, it was noted in the resolution signed by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, which was posted on the official portal of legal information on November 11th.
The agreement is expected to be valid for 25 years with further renewal options.
The document notes that the “logistics point” is a military formation of the Russian Armed Forces with military and special equipment, life support facilities and provision of parking and repair of Russian warships with the necessary supplies of materiel and other property.
Russia will have the opportunity to deploy nuclear-powered ships at a naval point in Sudan, the maximum number of members of the base is 300 people, according to the draft agreement between the two countries.
The maximum number of Russian warships that are allowed to be simultaneously at the logistics center has been established: four units, including warships with a nuclear power plant, subject to nuclear and environmental safety standards.
In return, Russia is ready to supply Sudan with weapons and military equipment free of charge, as well as to organize the air defense of the naval base in Port Sudan, the draft bilateral agreement said.
Russia will also be able to use the airspace of the Republic of Sudan for aircraft flights in order to implement this agreement.
According to the draft agreement, Russia will be able to place temporary military posts in Sudan to guard its naval logistics center.
The Sudanese side will carry out the external protection of the borders of the logistics center of the Russian Navy, and the Russian side will ensure the protection of the borders of the water area of the Navy point, its air defense, as well as internal protection and maintenance of law and order on the base.
By creating a naval base in Sudan, Russia will strengthen its presence in Africa and expand the operational capabilities of the fleet, former chief of the Russian Navy’s Main Staff, retired Admiral Viktor Kravchenko said.
“In fact, Russia will have a base on the Red Sea. This is a tense region. The Russian naval presence there is necessary. Of course, the operational capabilities of our fleet will increase,” he said.
“Our ships will be able to enter the basing point in Sudan, and, if necessary, repair and refuel. Our ships are constantly in this region and we need a basing point there,” Kravchenko said.
In particular, according to the admiral, the logistics center in Sudan will be important for Russian warships that carry out anti-piracy missions and are involved in the protection of convoys.
“In the future, a logistics center in Sudan can become a full-fledged naval base,” said Kravchenko.
Russia currently has just one naval base abroad in the Syrian port of Tartus.
On September 30th, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that the naval base in Tartus is capable of receiving dozens of warships.
“Another Russian military base in the SAR, located in Tartus, has the status of a logistics center for the Russian Navy. maintenance and minor repairs of ships and vessels,” Shoigu explained.
There is a Russian squadron on a permanent basis in the Mediterranean Sea. It includes up to 15 warships and support vessels, the press service of the Russian Black Sea Fleet reported.
Russian frigates, as well as diesel submarines from the permanent formation of the Russian Navy in the Mediterranean Sea, have repeatedly used Kalibr cruise missiles to strike militants in Syria.
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