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The Orbiter 1K Mini UAV system is a loitering munition, manufactured by Israel’s Aeronautics Defense Systems.
It has been used in the Middle East since it was first developed.
The system is used for ‘Over The Hill’ reconnaissance missions, Low Intensity Conflicts and Urban warfare operations as well as any close range ISTAR mission.
Aeronautics announced in May 2015 the Orbiter 1K “Kingfisher” version with a fuselage adapted to carry a 2 kg explosive payload, turning it into a loitering munition.
It can be controlled by an operator, or is capable of being given a waypoint and independently scanning the area to detect and destroy a stationary or moving target.
If a target is not detected, the Orbiter 1K can return to base and land for reuse.
The Oribter 1K can fly for 2–3 hours carrying an electro-optical/infrared sensor with a unique warhead that, due to its low acoustic signature, “is not detected until two seconds before it starts its kill dive”. Aeronautics announced the armed loitering UAV achieved operational status in August 2016.
An Azerbaijani variant of the Orbiter 1K was also produced by Azerbaijan called “Iti Qovan” which literally translates to “chasing like dogs” (i.e. Azebaijani forces chase Armenians).
Azerbaijan’s Ministry of Defence Industry has begun the mass production of “a new type of unmanned aerial vehicle”, “Iti qovan” (“Dog Chaser”), with greater destructive power. This historic expression stated by Supreme Commander-in-Chief Ilham Aliyev has been inscribed on UAVs’ wings.
The new type is just the Orbiter 1K with a different paint scheme.
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